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Preparing for the Paraclete

May 27, 2014 by  
Filed under Catholic Commentary

In our readings today we are offered some glimpses of the Holy Spirit in anticipation of the great feast of Pentecost that approaches in two weeks.  There is palpable excitement in the Church’s choice of these readings as we await the arrival of the Holy Spirit and catch some glimpses of the work and role of the Spirit in the life of the Church.  And so we find in each of our readings today a tantalizing peek at the being and action of the Third Person of the Blessed Trinity.

In the first reading taken from the Acts of the Apostles we hear about the mission of Philip the Apostle to the town of Samaria.  His proclamation of the gospel there was accompanied by the some pretty spectacular things:  unclean spirits coming out of possessed people, many paralyzed and crippled people being cured, and so on.  When the chief apostles in Jerusalem heard about these events, they sent Peter and John, two apostolic heavyweights, to pray with the people of Samaria and to encourage them.

Here is where the Holy Spirit comes in explicitly.  They prayed that the newly baptized, those who had heard the gospel from Philip, and had been baptized in the name of Jesus, might receive the Holy Spirit.  They laid hands upon them, and then we are told the Spirit fell upon them.  A curious expression; the falling of the Holy Spirit heard elsewhere in the Acts of the Apostles—some power coming down upon them from on high.

Something for us to note is that water baptism in the name of Jesus and the baptism in the Holy Spirit are recognized as separate events in the earliest experience in the life of the Church.  They are seen as separate moments in the same process of bringing someone into Christ.  The Church, to the present day, mimics this in making Baptism and Confirmation separate sacraments.

Throughout the Acts of the Apostles, you will find that the baptism of the Holy Spirit is associated with special gifts conducive toward mission.  These gifts or charismata Paul calls them, charisms; are given for the sake and the purpose of mission.  No one in the bible, Old Testament or New, is ever given an experience of God without being given, at the very same time, a mission.  It is the Holy Spirit who equips someone for mission.  It is the Holy Spirit that gives the powers needed to announce Christ and bring Him to others.

The question that arises from this first understanding of the Holy Spirit is: What gift has the Spirit given to you?  As baptized and some of you, confirmed Christian Catholic, what is your charism?  What is your gift for the mission of the Church?

Paul identifies preaching, teaching, organizing, administrating, healing, speaking in tongues, and prophesying—all these are charismata, gifts of the Holy Spirit equipping the Church for its mission.

What is yours?  My dear brothers and sisters, there is no question more important than this one.  There are questions about family, career, success, and the needs of everyday life to be addressed.  But none surpass in importance this question that we must all ask ourselves.  What is the Holy Spirit empowering me to do better?  What has the Spirit already empowered me to do?

In baptism and confirmation we have been given these gifts—what are they and how do we use them?  There are no greater questions more important to ponder in this life than these.

Now in the second reading from the first letter of St. Peter, we find him focusing on the Holy Spirit.  He is writing to a Christian community in the midst of a critical and sometimes outright violent society.  He is clearly writing to a church that is being persecuted.  As we well know, it happened a lot in the early days of the developing Church.  He is telling them how to engage those who stand outside the Christian faith, even those who are meeting it with criticism, disdain, or at the extreme, with violence.  Well, Peter famously says: “always be ready to give an explanation to anyone who asks you for a reason for your hope.”

Suppose someone knows you are a Catholic Christian; maybe they are just intrigued, maybe indifferent, or maybe even hostile.  But they want to know what it is that is giving you hope.  It is important to note that St. Peter identifies hope as central to the Christian theme.  We are meant to be a people of hope borne from our faith in the resurrection of Jesus from the dead.

He is also assuming that Christian faith is not an irrational superstition.  It is not opposed to reason.  It can be explained and should be.  It is from these notions of Peter that the seeds are sown that will later blossom into what the Church will later teach as: Fides quaerens intellectum  (Faith seeking understanding).  We do not have an irrational faith but one that can be brought to reason—and should be.  And so therefore, those who hold the Christian faith should be equipped to speak about it reasonably to anyone and everyone who asks.

We cannot and must not retreat into privacy saying our faith is a personal matter, a merely private conviction of our own.  This is NOT good enough—and never has been!

St. Peter goes on to recommend that we offer our explanations of hope “with gentleness and reverence, keeping your conscience clear, so that, when you are maligned, those who defame your good conduct in Christ may themselves be put to shame.”  It is better to suffer for doing good than for doing evil.

The society that Peter is talking about is not entirely unlike our own.  We are living in a time where there is a good deal of hostility toward religion, especially toward Christianity.

  • Did you know that worldwide Christianity is the most persecuted religion in the world?
  • Did you know that the 20th century produced more Christian martyrs than all previous 19 centuries combined?

How does a Christian engage this kind of world?  With reason—be ready to give a reason for the hope that lives in you; but ALSO with gentleness and reverence toward the objector—even when this is extremely difficult to muster.  This is Peter’s advice to us today.  When you engage someone who is hostile to the faith, even to the point of persecution—you must still do it with gentleness and deep reverence.  Christians must respond, in short, in the spirit of the crucified Jesus who forgave—yes—even those who were putting him to death.

THIS is the attitude born of the Holy Spirit, who is the love between the Father and the Son.  That is why now we are speaking of the Holy Spirit here.  When you respond to criticism, to objection, and even to persecution with an attitude of gentleness and reverence, you are living in the Holy Spirit and the Holy Spirit lives in you.

Lastly, let us look at today’s gospel reading.  Our Lord speaking to his disciples the night before he died, He tells them that He and His Father will send them an Advocate.  The word in Greek is Parakletos.  A word meaning summoned or called to one’s side, esp. called to one’s aid.  This Advocate will be one who pleads to the Father on our behalf; someone who supports us, inspires us and encourages us.

Jesus is our first advocate, but He will soon physically depart from the scene of the early Church.  Yet, the Father and He will send the Holy Spirit as friend, supporter, advocate, pleader, inspirer and guide for all Christians up and down the ages.  And this should give us great hope.

  • When the martyrs went to their deaths, it was with the help of this Paraclete.
  • When the missionaries went to proclaim the faith in hostile lands, it was the Paraclete, the Holy Spirit who pleaded on their behalf.
  • When Michelangelo painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, it was the Holy Spirit who sustained and inspired him.
  • When Thomas Aquinas wrote his theological masterpieces, it was at the prompting of the Holy Spirit.
  • When Edith Stein went with her Gustapo captors to Auschwitz, she went with and in the Holy Spirit, the Advocate.

Friends, the final question as we approach Pentecost, The Great Feast of the Holy Spirit:  What is this Parakletos, this Advocate prompting you to do as your part in the mission of the Church?

Encountering Christ in the Eucharist

May 27, 2014 by  
Filed under Catholic Commentary

We need the living Christ, whom we can know only through our encounter with him. But encounter presumes actual presence—the Real Presence, which, in turn, requires the Sacrament and the Church that alone is authorized to give us the Sacrament, the Church that Christ himself willed into existence and continues to support. The Eucharist, at each new celebration, must be recognized anew as the core of our Christian life. But we cannot celebrate the Eucharist adequately if we are content to reduce it to a ritual of—more or less—a half-hour’s duration. To receive Christ means to worship him. We welcome him properly and worthily at the solemn moment of receiving him only when we worship him and in worshipping him learn to know him, come to understand his nature, and follow him. We need to learn once more how to rest peacefully in his gentle presence in our churches, where the Eucharist is likewise always present because Christ intercedes for us before the Father, because he always awaits us and speaks to us. We must learn again how to draw inwardly close to him, for it is only thus that we become worthy of the Eucharist. We cannot prepare ourselves to receive the Eucharist simply by thinking about how it should be done. We can prepare for it only when we try to comprehend the depths of its demands on us, of its greatness; when we do not reduce it to our level, but let ourselves be raised to its exalted level; when we become aware of the accumulated sound of the prayers offered during all the centuries in which generations of men have advanced and are still advancing toward Christ. It is petty and undiscerning to criticize such prayers because we do not understand them; it is an expression of a genuinely “critical” sentiment (of which, be it noted, self-criticism is also a form) when we begin to recognize their greatness and, opening ourselves to that greatness, let ourselves be deepened and purified by it.

From: Joseph Ratzinger, Roman homilies, October 12, 1982

Mary, Queen of May

May 27, 2014 by  
Filed under Catholic Catechesis

On October 11, 1954, the feast of the Maternity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Pope Pius XII recognized the tradition already established in the Church that Mary would be afforded special honor as Queen of May in his encyclical, AD CAELI REGINAM. The Pope stated that the Church was not proposing a new truth to be believed by Christians since this had already been clearly found in ancient documents of the Church and books of the sacred liturgy.The encyclical reads, “From early times Christians have believed, and not without reason, that she of whom was born the Son of the Most High received privileges of grace above all other beings created by God. He “will reign in the house of Jacob forever,”[5] “the Prince of Peace,”[6] the “King of Kings and Lord of Lords.”[7] And when Christians reflected upon the intimate connection that obtains between a mother and a son, they readily acknowledged the supreme royal dignity of the Mother of God.”

The encyclical cites the early writers of the Church called Mary “the Mother of the King” and “the Mother of the Lord,” and goes on to quote St. Ephrem’s, (303-373 AD) prayer to Mary, “Majestic and Heavenly Maid, Lady, Queen, protect and keep me under your wing lest Satan the sower of destruction glory over me, lest my wicked foe be victorious against me.” He also mentioned, St. Gregory Nazianzus (330-390AD) calls Mary “the Mother of the King of the universe,” and the “Virgin Mother who brought forth the King of the whole world,”

The encyclical goes on to quote various early writers as well as more contemporary writers and pontiffs. He states, “For “just as Christ, because He redeemed us, is our Lord and king by a special title, so the Blessed Virgin also (is our queen), on account of the unique manner in which she assisted in our redemption, by giving of her own substance, by freely offering Him for us, by her singular desire and petition for, and active interest in, our salvation.”

Pope Pius XII concludes, “Since we are convinced, after long and serious reflection, that great good will accrue to the Church if this solidly established truth shines forth more clearly to all, like a luminous lamp raised aloft, by Our Apostolic authority We decree and establish the feast of Mary’s Queenship, which is to be celebrated every year in the whole world on the 31st of May. We likewise ordain that on the same day the consecration of the human race to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary be renewed, cherishing the hope that through such consecration a new era may begin, joyous in Christian peace and in the triumph of religion.”

To read the entire encyclical: Ad Caeli Reginam

In 1965 Pope Paul VI reiterated that special honor should be given to Mary stated in his encyclical Mense Majo that during the month of May.

May crownings take place in many Roman Catholic parishes and homes.  The rite for these crownings is flexible and can be adapted to differenct circumstances. Often it consists of prayers such as the Hail Holy Queen, Hail Marys or the Rosary along with hymns such as Queen of the May or Hail Holy Queen Enthroned Above. This is concluded with placing the crown of flowers on Mary’s head often by children.